European Territorial Cooperation 2007-2013
In the period 2007-2013 the cross-border, transnational and interregional cooperation shall be implemented under a separate objective of the European Union Cohesion Policy – European Territorial Cooperation (ETC) objective.
Isolating territorial cooperation as a separate Cohesion Policy objective provides for the great significance of common projects undertaken by EU partners. The growing importance of this type of cooperation is also evidenced by increased amount of resources from the European Regional Development Fund. In the years 2007-2013 a total amount of EUR 7.75 billion will be allocated to development of territorial cooperation from the European Union budget. The Polish allocation for delivery of programmes under the European Territorial Cooperation will be EUR 557.8 million. Additional EUR 173.3 million Poland will devoted to cross-border cooperation with countries outside the European Union, within the frameworks of European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI).
European Territorial Cooperation Programmes and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument will replace the projects implemented under the Community Initiative INTERREG III 2004-2006.
Three types of European Territorial Cooperation Programmes shall correspond to the INTERREG III components:
The European Territorial Cooperation Operational Programmes under individual components will be implemented according to uniform rules, which follow from lessons learned during implementation of the Community Initiative INTERREG III. Introducing uniform implementation rules will facilitate the management of the programmes and common, international projects financed from ERDF under the European Territorial Cooperation objective.
These rules shall, in particular, consist of the following:
establishment of common Management, Certifying and Audit Authorities;
obligatory participation in the project of at least two partners from different countries;
applying “Lead Partner principle” in project delivery;
setting up a common budget for the programme and a single bank account;
establishing international Joint Technical Secretariats, which provide support to Managing Authorities in programme implementation.
European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument
European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) is an European Commission initiative aimed at developing cooperation between the European Union and the partner countries outside the EU through provision of integrated and sustainable regional development.
The amount of EUR 173.322 million was allocated for the purpose. This money will enable to provide financial assistance to countries covered with the European Neighbourhood Policy including, inter alia, Belarus, Ukraine, as well as the Russian Federation. The European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) will be implemented among others with the aid of cross-border cooperation programmes.
ENPI territorial range covers: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Moldova, Morocco, Palestinian National Authority, Syria, Tunisia, Ukraine.
The key support areas under ENPI include:
- promotion of political dialogue and reforms,
- reinforcement of national institutions and other institutions responsible for development and effective implementation of policies,
- promotion of environmental protection and good governance of natural resources,
- support to policies aimed at reducing poverty,
- support to policies promoting social development, equality between women and men, employment and social protection,
- support to cross-border cooperation and promotion of sustainable economic, social and environmental development in border regions,
- support to policies promoting health, education and trainings,
- promotion and protection of human rights as fundamental freedoms, as well as support to democratisation process,
- ensuring efficient and secure border management system,
- promotion of cooperation within the field of justice, home affairs, as well as prevention and fight against terrorism and organised crime,
- promoting the participation of Communities in the activities related to research and innovation,
- promoting cooperation between Member States and partners countries within the field of higher education, exchange of teachers, scientists and students,
- promoting dialogue between cultures and “people-to-people” contacts.
Under the new financing perspective Poland will, simultaneously, participate and manage two programmes within the frameworks of the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument:
- Poland - Belarus - Ukraine
- Lithuania - Poland - Russia
Sample priorities of cooperation under the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument cover:
- Improvement and extension of the cross-border infrastructure: communication, transport, technical, touristic, social and environmental protection,
- Support to innovativeness, economic relations and facilitating cooperation between the economic and science sector,
- Support to human resources development.
The potential Beneficiaries of the programme cover institutions carrying out non-profit activity, which contribute to implementation of the programme priorities, including e.g. local and regional authorities, NGOs, public institutions and Euroregions.